Image de technologie numérique

Technologies numériques et pouvoirs publics: Nouveau regard de Guillaume Beaumier et Arthur Silve

13 mai 2020

Guillaume Beaumier, diplômé de la maîtrise en études internationales, est le premier auteur d’un article qui vient de paraître dans Global Policy : Global Regulations for a Digital Economy: Between New and Old Challenges.

Guillaume Beaumier effectue un bidiplôme de doctorat en science politique et économie politique internationale sur la gouvernance du commerce électronique.  Dans le cadre de GEM-STONES, il fait son doctorat sous la cotutelle de l’University of Warwick et de l’Université Laval.

Les coauteurs sont Kevin Kalomeni (lui aussi du programme GEM-STONES), Malcolm Campbell‐Verduyn, Marc Lenglet, Serena Natile, Marielle Papin, Daivi Rodima‐Taylor, notre collègue Arthur Silve et Falin Zhang.

Résumé de l’articleDigital technologies are often described as posing unique challenges for public regulators worldwide. Their fastpace and technical nature are viewed as being incompatible with the relatively slow and territorially bounded public regulatory processes. In this paper, we argue that not all digital technologies pose the same challenges for public regulators. We more precisely maintain that the digital technologies’ label can be quite misleading as it actually represents a wide variety of technical artifacts. Based on two dimensions, the level of centralization and (im)material nature, we provide a typology of digital technologies that importantly highlights how different technical artifacts affect differently local, national, regional and global distributions of power. While some empower transnational businesses, others can notably reinforce states’ power. By emphasizing this, our typology contributes to ongoing discussions about the global regulation of a digital economy and helps us identify the various challenges that it might present for public regulators globally. At the same time, it allows us to reinforce previous claims that these are importantly, not all new and that they often require us to solve traditional cooperation problems.

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